Menopause, famously known as “The Change,” marks the end of the reproductive years, typically around age 51. A woman is “officially” in menopause once two thresholds are met:
- She has not had a period for at least twelve months.
- Her blood work reflects a permanent down-shift in hormone levels.
The pituitary gland and the hypothalamus continue to produce hormones during menopause. Some small amounts of estrogen are also produced in the adrenal glands and fat tissue, but the key change is that the ovaries no longer produce enough estrogen to ovulate.
You Still Produce Estrogen after Menopause
By and large, the medical community still continues to treat menopause as an age-related disease, like high blood pressure, rather than a natural transition from one “life cycle” to another. Many medical professionals still have the misconception that menopause is simply caused by lack of estrogen, and once a woman enters menopause, her ovaries turn off like a light switch and stop producing hormones, but this is not true at all!
The ovaries of many Menopausal women are still producing 20 to 40% percent of the estrogen they produced during pre-menopause. Typically, 85% of menopausal women have significantly low estrogen, and 100% of women have low testosterone and progesterone. For the 15% of women still continuing to make adequate levels of estrogen (specifically estradiol), however, this is a big red flag.
What is Estrogen Dominance?
Estrogen dominance does not necessarily mean that the body produces too much estrogen. Rather, “estrogen dominance” means that your body’s estrogen production is not in balance with your progesterone production.
Estrogen dominance occurs when your ovaries continue to produce a small amount of estrogen but at the same time, produce significantly less progesterone. This is a natural process that occurs as your ovaries age, and all women experience this change, at varying levels.
To understand estrogen dominance, it helps to understand the role of progesterone, as well. Estrogen and progesterone operate like sides of a seesaw, shifting up and down during a woman’s monthly cycle. When progesterone gets low, that “side” of the seesaw hits the ground, and this effect causes negative symptoms to arise: poor sleep, fatigue, low energy, anxiety, heavy periods, low libido (low sex drive) weight gain, uterine fibroids, irritability, and even rage.
When the progesterone side of the seesaw gets “stuck” on the ground, the estrogen side is “elevated,” relative to progesterone. It’s not (necessarily) that your estrogen is high — it’s that your progesterone level drops so low that estrogen effectively “dominates.”
The Dangers of Estrogen Dominance
When a menopausal woman says that her transition into menopause, “wasn’t that bad,” and that she did not experience night sweats or hot flashes, it indicates that some of her estrogen levels are still adequate. However, without the anti-proliferative effects of progesterone to balance that estrogen, this puts her at increased risk of breast, uterine (endometrial) cancer.
Even though a Menopausal woman’s ovaries are producing less and less estrogen, the fall of progesterone levels is proportionately much greater, causing a condition of “estrogen dominance.” In addition, the adrenal glands and body fat also produce some estrogen (through an enzymatic process that converts adrenal steroids to estrogen).
Being ten pounds or more overweight can sometimes be a contributing factor to high estrogen levels. Symptoms of estrogen dominance during menopause include:
- Vaginal Dryness
- Hot Flashes
- Hair Loss
- Night Sweats
- Weight Gain
- Mood Swings
Contributing Factors to Hormone Imbalance
A shift in hormones produced by the adrenal glands begins in pre-menopause and really sets in during menopause.
Declining DHEA Levels
Your levels of DHEA (Dehydroepiandrosterone), a "precursor" hormone that supports your adrenals and all your sex hormones, peaks in your twenties, then begins to slowly and steadily decline, dropping approximately 10 percent every decade.
Some medical studies correlate the decline in DHEA production with many of the degenerative changes seen in women and men, such as heart disease, cancer, and osteoporosis.
Birth control pills can also create a “relative testosterone deficiency.” Taking birth control pills causes your levels of the hormone-carrying protein “sex-hormone binding globulin” (SHGB) to rise.
These higher levels of SHGB, in turn, bind up the levels of free testosterone circulating in your blood, resulting in a condition of “relative testosterone deficiency.” Although your levels of testosterone may (or may not) appear within normal limits on a blood test, the amount that is available for use by your tissues is far lower than what is needed.
The result for you: symptoms of low testosterone, which include: low libido, low energy, poor memory, fatigue, depression and apathy.
How to Restore Hormone Balance During Menopause
For our patients at the Ageless & Wellness Medical Center, I have created specific guidelines to determine your individual supplementation needs, depending on your age, menstrual history, symptoms, and hormone test results. Recommended supplements are based on specific criteria, including: age range, life cycle, and associated hormone level shifts, resulting type of imbalance/medical condition, and common symptoms.
All of our hormonal supplements are bioidentical formulations that duplicate the natural physiology of hormones in the body. Ingredients as listed are derived from natural and/or plant-based substances.
If you are unable to visit our medical practice, but still need hormone expertise, consider our Personal Hormone Tele-Consultations, which include a self-test kit plus a phone consultation with one of our clinicians. During your tele-consultation, our clinicians will review your bloodwork results with you and discuss over-the-counter options for restoring hormone balance.
Find Relief with Hormone Balance
When your hormones are balanced you should expect:
- Improved libido (sex drive)
- Improved moods
- Improved memory
- Improved sleep
- Renewed strength and energy
- The ability to lose weight more easily
When or if symptoms persist, adrenal support (to manage stress), additional bioidentical hormone supplementation, and/or a compounded formulation may also be required. We are always happy to help you on your journey to better hormone health and wellness!